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Did you know?

There are two different types of pollution: point source (PS) and non-point source (NPS). PS is the type of pollution that can easily be tracted back to a single point such as an industrial facility or local sewer overflow. NPS pollution is much more difficult to track such as runoff from out parking lots, road, lawns, and fields.

Thanks to the Clean Water Act and the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System the majority of PS pollution is regulated and has been significantly reduced. This leaves NPS pollution as the primary culprit of impaiments in our local waters.

Water Quality

     According to the Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM), over 45% of all stream segments within the South Fork Wildcat Creek Watershed are impaired. The majority of these segments can attribute their impairment to high levels of E. coli or impaired biotic communities. Other segments are listed as impaired due to the discovery of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB's) in fish tissues and/or low levels of dissolbed oxygen. In an effort to further identigy local water quality impairments and what is needed to reduce pollutant loading, IDEM conducted a Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) study in 2008. The results showed the need for significant reductions of E. coli, Nitrate+Nitrite, and total suspended solids (TSS). Other past water quality studies initiated by the Clinton County Soil and Water Conservation District support these findings as well as impairments from high levels of phosphorus and Atrazine.

     As part of the South Fork Wildcat Creek Watershed Plan, additional rounds of water quality sampling will be done during 2010 and 2011. This data will be analyzed and results will be combined with historical water quality data to identify pollutant sources throughout the South Fork Wildcat Creek Watershed, define critical sources, and develop strategies for addressing these impairments.
"All the water that will ever be is, right now..."

-National Geographic-

"Filthy water cannot be washed"

-West African Proverb-
Current water quality sampling efforts are addressing a number of different water quality parameters including:
-Dissolved Oxygen
-E. coli
-Total Phosphorus
-Total Suppended Solids
-Qualitative Habitat Evaluation Index (QHEI)
-Macroinvertebrate Index of Biotic Integrity (mIBI)

Click here to find out more about what these water quality parameters can tell us and what target levels are established for the South Fork Wildcat Creek Watershed

This project has been funded in part by the United States Environmental Protection Agency under assistance agreement C600E720-01 to the Indiana Department of Environmental Management. The content does not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Environmental Protection Agency, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.

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